The Researcher will develop and apply a rigorous research methodology derived from benchmarks of the listed Conventions and principles of Decent Work articulated in the ten ILO fundamental Conventions. It is envisaged that the analysis will be a desk review rather than collecting primary data. However, the research methodology can propose some key interviews if the researcher wishes.
The desk review should include official reports on Bahrain (such as UNDP Country Office, UN treaty bodies, Regional Human Rights bodies and Special Rapporteurs). They will also compile a list of the laws, regulations or other measures, which apply the provisions of the Convention and gather the relevant links where these can be downloaded and referenced accordingly. Among others, the Researcher will examine relevant texts in equality and non-discrimination, labor, occupational safety and health, criminal and migration law.
The Researcher will also research whether there exist other means, which are relevant to the future development of policies and programmes for decent work for women with disabilities, such as collective agreements, arbitration awards or court decisions (providing links to sample agreements or court cases). The Researcher may need to obtain information from a diverse range of selected ministries, departments, social partners and civil society organizations to ensure that every opportunity to obtain the most up-to-date information has been explored.
Duties and Responsibilities
One in every five women is likely to experience disability in her life. This exposes women to greater vulnerabilities and particularly as a result of the COVID -19 pandemic including adverse impacts on accessing or remaining in jobs. Already facing exclusion in employment, women and especially women with disabilities are more likely to lose their jobs and experience greater difficulties returning to work during recovery post the COVID-19 pandemic .
Though there is evidence globally and regionally about the challenges women with disabilities face in terms of access to skills development and employment, data for Bahrain is limited. Law provides a quota for the employment of persons with disabilities however there is limited knowledge of how effective this quota is and how far it meets the needs of women with disabilities. There is even less data on the double discrimination women with disabilities face. Without an understanding of the situation on ground, it is difficult to formulate effective policies and programmes to increase decent job opportunities for women with disabilities.
The UN, in collaboration with the government of Bahrain plans to develop a programme focusing on economic empowerment and equality in the labor market for women with disabilities. The programme will be based on a gender-responsive analysis of the current situation in terms of gaps in data, law, policy and practice, as well as opportunities to build on. The purpose of this assignment is to conduct the gender-responsive analysis.
The overall goal of the research is to determine the extent to which there are gaps in data, and national laws, regulations, policies in terms of the benchmarks contained in the Conventions listed in section 1 of this document.
Specific research objectives include to:
1. Take stock of existing data on persons with disabilities, with a focus on women with disabilities,(Women with Disabilities, and identify data gaps that hamper informed gender-responsive decision-making.
2. Identify the relevant provisions of national laws, regulations, policies, etc. and determine whether and how benchmarks in the listed Conventions (pls see Background section) are reflected
3. Shed light – to the degree possible – of how the existing laws, regulations, policies are applied in practice, including how women with disabilities experience intersectional discrimination based on nationality, age, and other grounds.
4. Recommend the necessary changes that need to be made to data collection and analysis, policy and law to improve informed decision-making concerning persons with disabilities, especially women with disabilities.
Fluency in English and Arabic is required.
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